Its framers saw it instead as a means to reform colonial-imperial relationsand to recognize that the colonies collectively shared certain common interests. It shall be seen here. The Albany Plan of Union was a proposal to formulate a centralized government for the Thirteen Colonies, proposed by Benjamin Franklin, and delegate from Pennsylvania, at the Albany Congress on July 10, 1754, in Albany, New York. Resolved That this Congress will apply to his Majesty for a Redress of Grievances under which his faithful Subjects in America labour, and assure him that the Colonies hold in Abhorrence the Idea of being considered independant Communities on the British Government and most ardently desire the Establishment of a political Union not only among themselves but with their Mother State upon those principles of Safety and Freedom which are essential in the Constitution of all free Governments and particularly that of the British Legislature. They should also have a power to restrain the exportation of provisions to the enemy from any of the colonies, on particular occasions, in time of war.
The British set aside land west of the Appalachians for American Indians, but the colonists refused to leave. Although the treaty with the Iroquois was the main purpose of the Congress, the delegates also met to discuss intercolonial cooperation on other matters. It was thought, that quotas of men to be raised and paid by the several colonies, and joined for any public service, could not always be got together with the necessary expedition. It strengthened their ability to work together. Many of the great ideas were to be revived and later adopted in Philadelphia. If his plan was defencible, why did he not enter into the argument with a Gentleman from Virginia who challenged him to it, and who said, he could prove it to be big with destruction to the Colonies? It is therefore assigned to the end of July 1754 and included here. But the central purposes differed.
This was thought necessary for the satisfaction of the crown, to preserve the connection of the parts of the British empire with the whole, of the members with the head, and to induce greater care and circumspection in making of the laws, that they be good in themselves and for the general benefit. This was respectfully sent to the assemblies of the several colonies for their consideration, and to receive such alterations and improvements as they should think fit and necessary; after which it was proposed to be transmitted to England to be perfected, and the establishment of it there humbly solicited. That the assent of the President General be requisite to all acts of the Grand Council; and that it be his office and duty to cause them to be carried into execution. It was therefore thought best to give the council the power of approving the officers, which the people will look upon as a great security of their being good men. Eleven colonies sent delegates, with Georgia and Delaware opting not to attend.
It might be better, perhaps, as was said before, if the crown appointed a Vice President, to take place on the death or absence of the President General; for so we should be more sure of a suitable person at the head of the colonies. Index Entries Permalink Note: The annotations to this document, and any other modern editorial content, are copyright © the American Philosophical Society and Yale University. In some, the people have a share in the choice of the council; in others, both government and council are wholly chosen by the people. Earlier, Franklin had written to friends and colleagues proposing a plan of voluntary union for the colonies. To which may be added this that as the union of the The remainder of this article is lost. The choice of members for the grand council is placed in the house of representatives of each government, in order to give the people a share in this new general government, as the crown has its share by the appointment of the President General.
Peace Medal, 1757 In 1754, as Britain and France struggled for control over North America, Benjamin Franklin proposed the Albany Plan of Union to unite the British North American colonies. The vacancies were thought best supplied by the governors in each province, till a new appointment can be regularly made; otherwise the service might suffer before the meeting of the President General and grand council. In January 1787 a ragtag army of 1,200 farmers moved toward the federal arsenal at Springfield. Purchases from the Indians made by private persons, have been attended with many inconveniences. And as Canada is chiefly supported by that trade, if it could be drawn into the hands of the English, as it might be if the Indians were supplied on moderate terms, and by honest traders appointed by and acting for the public that alone would contribute greatly to the weakening of our enemies. Great part of the way may likewise be gone by water. It was thought proper to allow some wages, lest the expence might deter some suitable persons from the service; and not to allow too great wages, lest unsuitable persons should be tempted to cabal for the employment for the sake of gain.
But it is not intended that they may interfere with the constitution and government of the particular colonies; who are to be left to their own laws, and to lay, levy, and apply their own taxes as before. When the collectors accounts are brought in, the proportions will appear; and from them it is proposed to regulate the proportion of representatives to be chosen at the next general election, within the limits however of seven and two. That humble application be made for an act of parliament of Great Britain, by virtue of which one general government may be formed in America including all the said colonies, within and under which government each colony may retain its present constitution, except in the particulars wherein a change may be directed by the said act as hereafter follows. Indeed, that would not happen until well after the submission of the. The Continental Congress rejected the plan and Franklin, then in England, expressed his disapproval, unless Parliament would repeal the Declaratory Act of 1766 and many other measures affecting the colonies.
It was proposed by Benjamin Franklin, and was among the many plans presented by the different delegates that participated in the Albany Congress. Imperial officials saw the advantages of bringing the colonies under closer authority and supervision, while colonists saw the need to organize and defend common interests. The vacancies were thought best supplied by the governors in each province, till a new appointment can be regularly made; otherwise the service might suffer before the meeting of the President General and grand council. The speaker should be presented for approbation; it being convenient, to prevent misunderstandings and disgusts, that the mouth of the council should be a person agreeable, if possible, both to the council and the President General. Looking to the Future The Plan had all the makings of great things to come.
In all cases where the strength of the whole was necessary to be used against the enemy, there would be the same difficulty in degree, to bring the several unions to unite together, as now the several colonies; and consequently the same delays on our part and advantage to the enemy. The civil officers will be chiefly treasurers and collectors of taxes; and the suitable persons are most likely to be known by the council. For instance, suppose one thousand men should be wanted in New Hampshire on any emergency; to fetch them by fifties and hundreds out of every colony as far as South Carolina, would be inconvenient, the transportation chargeable, and the occasion perhaps passed before they could be assembled; and therefore that it would be best to raise them by offering bounty-money and pay near the place where they would be wanted, to be discharged again when the service should be over. Could all the people of a colony be consulted and unite in public measures, a house of representatives would be needless: and could all the assemblies conveniently consult and unite in general measures, the grand council would be unnecessary. The Albany Congress began on June 19, and the commissioners voted unanimously to discuss the possibility of union on June 24. As anticipated, there were many objections debated by the different sides, as difficulties presented on the table were all addressed and resolved.