Hortwitz underlines the fact that the course of events identified social science not only with neutrality but with scholarly aloofness from moral issue. Sorokin refers to nine major schools of thought in Sociology, which are further divided into various sub-categories. Interestingly, sociology has a clear and concise field of study and boundaries. Sociology can help us to understand ourselves better, since it examines how the social world influences the way we think, feel, and act. In the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, Europeans were exploring the world and voyagers returned from Asia, the Americas, Africa, and the South Seas with amazing stories of other societies and civilizations.
It is concerned with human interaction and human life in general other social sciences like political Science, History, Economic etc, also study man and human interaction, but not all about human interaction. Rationalism is stresses reason and the theories that result from logical inference. Without neutral analysis science is impossible. As a matter of fact, Sociology has a limited field of enquiry and deals with those problems which are not dealt with by other social sciences. However, for someone that was born with such great brain capability, Will has had a hard life in which cigarettes were put out on him and he was stabbed. Facebook 0 Twitter 0 Google+ 0 Viber WhatsApp The nature of sociology Sociology as a branch of knowledge delves in the study of diversity and commonality in traits among people.
In studying social relationships, the sociologists attempt to discover the evolution of society, its systems and structures, the development of social institutions and their functions, the customs and rules regulating social relationships, the groups and communities formed by man throughout history, the nature and interdependence of these groups lice family, case, economic groups, religious groups etc. The first sociology department to be established in the United Kingdom was at the London School of Economics and Political Science home of the British Journal of Sociology in 1904. As a general science it is especially fitted to deal with characteristics that are common to all groups, all societies. Social work is concerned with the uplift oftho se soc ially deprived, physicall y handicapp ed, etc. From this coined words, i could be further deduced that, sociology is the study of society and human behaviour. Marriage provided different regulations for each, however. These massive social changes lent new urgency to the deveopment of the social sciences, as early sociological thinkers struggled with the vast implications of economic, social and political revolutions.
This meant that relatively few people owned the means of production—such as factories—while many others had to sell their labor to those owners. The different aspects of social life, viz. Unlike anthropologists, sociologists focus primarily on industrialized societies while many anthropologists remained focused on trival societies. Criticism of formalistic school: The formalistic school can be criticised on the following grounds: i It has narrowed the scope of sociology: The formalistic school has limited the field of sociology to merely abstract forms. Herbert Spencer took an organic view of society and he too was not concerned with the valuation aspect of society. It is rightly felt that without the study of Sociology the training and knowledge of the candidates aspiring to hold a high post in the administrative set up of their country will be incomplete and imperfect. The hypothesis is an account defining a particular relationship between two or more variables.
It tries to deduce general laws from a systematic study of its material and the conclusions drawn from the study of sociological principles are applied to the solution of social problems. Nurture debate is hotly debated topic. As a result of this victory, class distinctions will disappear from society, and with that disappearance, class struggle too would come to an end and a classless society would be born. An investigator dealing with a controversial subject becomes the victim of censure by those who hold different views. How they will analyze the information and data collected. Its methodological approach to research is definite for research and experimental purposes.
By comparative study of societies and groups other than his existence which would otherwise escape his notice, his life becomes richer and fuller than it would otherwise be. Pure science rather than applied science Sociologists are concerned with the acquisition of knowledge and not the relevant application of acquired knowledge. Sociology besides studying the general forms of social relationships should also study the concrete contents of social life. The chief characteristics of a science are i the possibility of a concise, consistent and concrete formulation, ii the capacity to form generalizations and make predictions, and iii the possibility of verification of the data as well as of the generalizations. Sociology Today Sociology is now taught and studied in all continents of the world. Acute Domestic Anomie Sudden changes on the microsocial level resulted in an inability to adapt and therefore higher suicide Chronic Domestic Anomie Referred to the way marriage as an institution regulated the sexual and behavioural means-needs balance among men and women. In conclusion, it is evidently clear that sociology is an independent branch of knowledge which seeks to explore the social universe.
The most notable among these were Hobbes and Machiavelli. Durkhiem identified this type with the ongoing industrial revolution, which eroded traditional social regulators and often failed to replace them. At the micro level, social status and social roles are the most important components of social structure, and micro-sociology is based on the ongoing interactions between these social roles. Science and technology were developing rapidly. The group you are born into will pass on its particular ideas about what makes humans 'human. Science is further described in a traditional way as a mass of knowledge concerning a particular subject acquired by systematical observation, experience and study and analysed and classified into a unified whole.
There might be a group, which is watching a game in progress, there might be a group of people crossing a street. These three are not interchangeable, though they inter-penetrate each other and are essential for each other. The effects of modern war upon society are varied and profound. Thirdly, the value-free principle looks upon Sociology as neutral discipline which is not expected to draw any ideological or moral conclusion. Precisely, this paper intends to explore the primary characteristics of sociology to understand the nature of sociology as a branch of knowledge. Sociology is rational and empirical5. What we see in social relationships is only an outward expression of our inner life.
According to this school- i Sociology is a general and systematic social science. Sociology originated from and was influenced by the industrial revolution during the early nineteenth century. Sociology is thus, according to him, concerned with the analysis and classification of types of social relationships. Thirdly, all the physical sciences do not employ laboratory experimentation. The major classificat ions ar e i primary and ii secondary groups.
According to Darwin 1809-1882 and the logic of evolution, humans are described as another form of primate. Thus, the etymological meaning of 'Sociology' is the 'science of society'. It is a general science but it is also a special science. Do all people all over the world behave in the same way? Other members of the formal school argued that relationship types and their sub-categories represented about 650 forms of human interaction. In the structural aspect Sociology studies various types of groups and institutions as well as their inter-relations to one another. I find the movie Good Will Hunting a good example of this. Many of our terms like religion, caste, class, and group are words found in everyday use.