Its rulers were patrons of all languages, viz. Before the early 14th-century rise of the Vijayanagara Empire, the Hindu states of the Deccan — the of Devagiri, the Kakatiya dynasty of , the of had been repeatedly raided and attacked by from the north, and by 1336 these upper Deccan region modern day Maharashtra, Telangana had all been defeated by armies of Sultan and of the. Stairs connected to multiple levels and the overall architecture can be seen to be influenced by the Islamic traditions and architecture e. Tirumala commented on Jayadeva's Gitagovinda, Vaishnavite Saint Poetess Molla wrote Mollaramayana in the time of Tirumala. Domes on corner squinches roof exactly in the manner of a Muslim tomb.
New elements were introduced which added to its variety and richness. It was constructed by a governor of Krishnadevaraya. Contemporary records and notes of foreign travelers describe how huge tanks were constructed by labourers. The ports of , , , , , , , and were the most important. These kings are known to have employed many Muslims in their army and court, some of whom may have been. Kannada literature was dominated by Jain writers, until the Veerashaivas established their influence from the 15th century. There are three entrances to the temple on the east, south and the north marked by gopuras but the main entrance seems to be on the east where the gopura has mandapas on either side.
Recently, the Draft Bill of Hampi World Heritage Area Management Authority Act, 2001 has been framed to look after the protection and management of the 4187,24 hectares of the World Heritage Area. As regards the art of Vijayanagar Empire, many temples of remarkable beauty were constructed during this period. Italian traveler Niccolo de Conti wrote of him as the most powerful ruler of India. The Octagonal Water Pavilion, protruding to the main road, probably contained some sort of a water fountain. However, there are also many subsidiary shrines within temple complexes, more common in the South Indian temple.
On the other side, the pillars were richly carved with themes from Hindu mythology. The Hindu artisans used beams and lintels to cover open spaces while the Muslim architects substituted arches and domes. Vijayanagar -Created their own architecture style named Provida style which plays a lot of emphasis on piers and pillars. Thanks to its style of construction, from a distance the aqueduct would look like a ruined bridge. The hall structure stands on a platform with porches. Due to the long lasting quality of the earth and vegetable colors used, the original Mysore paintings still retain their freshness and luster even today.
The next ruler, , emerged successful against the of and undertook important works of fortification and irrigation. The property encompasses an area of 4187, 24 hectares, located in the Tungabhadra basin in Central Karnataka, Bellary District. The Aravidu dynasty successors ruled the region but the empire collapsed in 1614, and the final remains ended in 1646, from continued wars with the Bijapur sultanate and others. The architecture was also in keeping the local conditions and topography in mind. Open Mantapa incorporating Hoysala style at Vittala temple complex in Hampi.
The Kannada literature took a strong Hindu bent and saw prominent writers like Kumara Vyasa, Narahari, Singiraja, BhimaKavi, Padmanaka, Chamarasa and Mallanarya. Building activity in Hampi continued over a period of 200 years reflecting the evolution in the religious and political scenario as well as the advancements in art and architecture. The palace administration was divided into 72 departments Niyogas , each having several female attendants chosen for their youth and beauty some imported or captured in victorious battles who were trained to handle minor administrative matters and to serve men of nobility as courtesans or concubines. The empire's principal exports were pepper, , , , , , , precious and semi-precious stones, pearls, , , , , cotton cloth and. The Lotus Mahal was a beautiful two-storeyed building representing the Indo-Sarcenic style of architecture. The rampant horse and rider, supported by other animals and figures, is a favorite Vijayanagara-era motif.
Kalyanamandapa is another highly ornated structure. The empire's capital city was a thriving business centre that included a burgeoning market in large quantities of precious gems and gold. Gopuras were constructed at the four cardinal points and temple enclosures increased in number. Also known as Veerakamparaya Charita, the book dwells on the conquest of the by the Vijayanagara empire. .
The most important was the temple of Hazara Rama. Huge blocks of dressed rectangular granite was used the make the pillars and the top structure. The total area of the city was estimated at 64 square miles. The empire built temples, monuments, palaces and other structures across South India, with a largest concentration in its capital. Exemplary literature in languages Kannada, Telgu, Sanskrit and Tamil with an evolving Carnatic music that we cherish in its current form today grew to great prominence. Significance of Chola Architecture Apart from the discussed features, Chola temples had a beautiful shikara stone at the top. Each of them applied different codes.
It is an open pavilion. Basham, James Fergusson and S. Kumaravyas composed Mahabharta in Kannada. The empire came under the rule of in 1509, the son of Tuluva Narasa Nayaka. It is also functioning as World Heritage Site Co-ordinator at the local level and district level interacting with various local self Government and district authorities and the Hampi Development Authority for preserving the values of the property.
Suburban townships puras surrounded the large Dravidian temple complexes containing subsidiary shrines, bazaars, residential areas and tanks applying the unique hydraulic technologies and skilfully and harmoniously integrating the town and defence architecture with surrounding landscape. The Vijayanagar style of architecture abounds in ornamentation but a balance is kept between structure and decoration. Such wars for tribute payment by Vijayanagara repeated in the 15th century, such as in 1436 when Sultan Ahmad I launched a war to collect the unpaid tribute. The general life and description of various professions is given. Bhattamurthi, a scholar wrote Vasucharita in times of Tirumala. Different temple building traditions in South and Central India came together in the style.