Some pressure groups are not democratic in themselves. In India pressure group arose even during the colonial period. Financial Factors The financial situation of a pressure group is another factor that can greatly affect the success or failure of the pressure group. They try to maintain their relation with both ruling and opposition party. In Britain, the number of political parties is very small, whereas the number of pressure groups runs into thousands; as the membership of political parties has fallen, that of pressure groups has increased.
Sectional groups act out of self-interest but readers should remember that this is not necessarily a bad or immoral thing to do: e. The first are outsider groups aiming for insider status. External insider groups differ from insider groups in that they are not asked for guidance regularly like insider groups. In democratic system the role of the pressure groups becomes conspicuous especially at the time of elections. Techniques of Pressure Groups 5. It is chaired by Sir Andrew Green, a former Ambassador to Saudi Arabia.
For example, in 1994 the A452 Coordination Group campaigned to block plans by Warwickshire County Council to make the A452 a dual carriageway. Thus, each political system and party which is either in or out of office is pressurised by certain interest groups, which many a time inter-act, counter-act and react to each other. At Central level only one All India Kisan Congress exists. For example, a pressure group campaigning against a local bypass, does not necessarily want legislation banning all bypasses. They have no well developed infrastructure which can help in regularly and vigorously pursuing their interests. Salient Features of Pressure Groups in India: In India pressure groups though comparatively of recent origin have so organised themselves that they neither openly support nor oppose any political party.
We are all familiar with the spokesperson from FoE using the evidence of their scientific research to gain publicity and hence pressurise the Government, or the sight on the news of Greenpeace activists destroying fields of genetically modified crops. By definition, such groups have no interest in gaining access to governmental decision makers. It is hoped that these groups will always be non-violent and follow secular policies. The most important lobbying forces in any society are the various entities of government: national, regional, and local government agencies and institutions such as the military. This is even more likely when the pressure group is trying to influence the government. Pressure groups How they influence scientific achievements. In this context the pressure group plays vital role and act as a counter cheek to politics and political parties.
Pressure groups are able to express the views of minority group … s in the community who might not otherwise receive a hearing. It works to mobilise public opinion to put pressure on governments that let abuse take place. By influencing the public, indirectly, it will also influence the government administrating systems and policy making. But those who have some common interest come together and try to change the course of public affairs. A pressure group could use many methods:lobbying, demonstrations, petitions, marches etc and can do thiswith permission or without. Business Groups The Business group is one of the most important, influential and organised pressure groups in India.
For example wheat policy of government framed in march 1974 was outcome of positive efforts and support of all-India food grain dealers association. These groups try to influence and pressurise every political institution to serve their own interests and to ensure that at least in no case their interests suffer, if at all these are not promoted. Litigation process not only helps the Pressure Groups in advertising their public image and channels their views and position, in most cases, this process also successfully influenced the government in making decisions and amending policies. This influence may be out of proportion to their position in society. Through promises of financial support or of votes by interest group members at the next election, the organization hopes to persuade certain legislators, especially appropriate committee chairmen, to endorse favorable legislation. However, there are certain areas which will affect the success of pressure groups.
There are mainly four categories of Pressure Groups: i Anomic Groups, ii Associational Groups, iii Non-Associational Groups and iv Institutional Groups. They seek to advance many and various causes and range from charity activities, poverty reduction, education and the environment, to human rights, international development and peace. These are a natural outgrowth of the communities of interest that exist in all societies. These groups do not want to become the government as they tend to pursue single issue areas rather than the large programmes which major parties follow. The use of direct action by pressure groups eg. Outsider groups adopt different strategies and can be further subdivided in to two categories.
This article gives information about the India's progress in every field from ancient times to the present time. Media as pressure group Mass media plays vital role in reveling the various happening of politics and life of common people all around. The farming interest has a unique opportunity to lobby the government because it is the only industry with a ministry of its own and a Minister who sits in the Cabinet. The membership of pressure groups is also generally from the middle classes and so is not representative of the population. Pressure groups generally promote opportunities for political participation for citizens, without the need to join a political party. What kind of person is the Speaker, John Bercow? They seek to influence political or corporate decision makers to achieve a declared objective. Pressure groups operate on different levels and come in different sizes.
These groups promote a specific issue and raise it up the political agenda or may have more general political and ideological objectives in mind while campaigning. Examining Pressure Group Influence in Britain Pressure Groups are non — governmental organisations whose main aim is to try and influence governmental policy. While doing so they forget national interests or the cause of national integration. Pressure groups allow us to influence the government and so let us become more directly involved with how things are run in our lives. They are part of government machinery and raises its protests with constitutional means. Interests are a prevalent, permanent, and essential aspect of all political systems—democratic, , and totalitarian regimes alike. Pressure groups advocate for their own good or for the sake of others.