TheBritish were unmindful to these developments. However, it was very successful on the economic front. In the Civil Disobedience Movement, the business and industrial class also supported the national leaders by financial assistance and participated in Khadi movement. A militant guerrilla movement had spread in the 1920s. Das and Motilal Nehru founded the Swaraj Party within the Congress to fight elections for the Councils and demand reform.
This provided the concept of one nation and one citizenship among the Indians. Merchants and traders refused to trade in foreign goods or finance foreign trade. Widespread attacks on banks, post offices and railway stations took place. Why must India sever the British connection and attain Purna Swaraj? They believed that Gandhi raj was coming and everyone would be given land in their own villages. Three of them are listed below. Swedish Movement, Non-Cooperation Movement, Khilafat Movement, Sara Movement were based on the rich past of our country. Round Table Conference When things began to take a violent turn, Mahatma Gandhi called off the movement.
Victory could be won by appealing to the conscience of the oppressor. Non-violence could also win the battle. Examine the role of industrial working class in the Civil Disobedience Movement. It was under these circumstances, Gandhiji called off the Civil Disobedience Movement. Answer: Refer to answer 10 Question 66. April, 1930: Abdul Ghaffar Khan was arrested? The houses of talukdars and merchants were attacked, bazaars were looted and grain hoards were taken over in many places. He consented to participate in the Round Table Conference and the government agreed to release the political prisoners.
Answer: Refer to answer 14 Question 77. Before sharing your knowledge on this site, please read the following pages: 1. Villagers were called upon to supply soldiers. Or How did the First World War help in the growth of the National Movement in India? The people were persuaded to wear Khadi and give up drinking alcohol. Gandhian ideas were widely followed. Jallianwala Bagh Massacre, 13 th April, 1919? The revision notes covers all important formulas and concepts given in the chapter.
Calcutta Now, Kolkata , 12. Congress was very close to Hindu Mahasbha. The First World War had ended with the defeat of Ottoman Turkey. They wanted the unpaid rent to the landlords be remitted. This was deeply resented by Muslims all over the world, including the Indian Muslims. So after the beginning of the Non- Cooperation. A large number of Britishers were killed in the Mutiny.
Examination yet he was not given any high position. Extreme hardships, poverty and forced recruitments in the army made people hostile to the British rule. The Arms Act of 1878 further increased the discontent of the Indians. The poor were not able to buy them. Agricultural prices began to fall from 1926 and collapsed after 1930. The person who led them was Alluri Sitaram Raju. They thought that the Congress was moving close to the Hindu MahaSabha.
Mahatma Gandhi introduced this concept during his stay in South Africa. Answer: Refer to answer 23 Question 79. Following are the contributions of various social groups in the Civil Disobedience Movement : 1 Rich peasants : Being producers of commercial crops, they were very hard hit by the trade depression and falling prices. Describe the significance of the Civil Disobedience Movement in the freedom Struggle of India. Or Highlight the importance of the Lahore Session of Congress, 1929.
Some leaders feared the movement to turn violent. Aftermath of Jallianwala Bagh Massacre? Or What were the methods used by peasants of Awadhi to achieve their goal? State any three points of difference. Depression made them unable to pay rent and wanted it to be reduced. Contribution of the Social and Religious Reformers: Religion has always played a significant part in India from time immemorial. Role of Press and Literature.
In spite of this proclamation this Policy was not properly implemented. Kheda Satyagraha, 1917: Gandhiji led the movement in Kheda district of Gujarat, demanding relaxation of the revenue tax owing to the poverty experienced by the farmers because of the outbreak of plague and crop failure. After the establishment of the British rule when the Christian Missionaries started converting Hindus to Christianity. Or Who designed the Sara Flag? The British officials working in India were a very heavy drain on the Indian resources. Gandhiji viewed this as slowing down the process of unity and their integration into society.