Section 198F 1 of the Corporations Act affords a current director the right to inspect a company's books other than the companies financial records at all reasonable times for the purposes of a legal proceeding to which that director is a party. In 1927, the Bureau was reorganized into the Food, Drug, and Insecticide Administration and the Bureau of Chemistry and Soils. I have read of some slaughterhouses and packing plants in the U. President Roosevelt was appalled by the Neill-Reynolds report - Upton Sinclair's ghastly revelations were all true. The Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906 was enacted on the same day as its companion bill, the Federal Meat Inspection Act. Enforcement of the Pure Food and Drug Act was assigned to the Bureau of Chemistry in the U.
Unlike previous laws ordering meat inspections, which were enforced to assure European nations from banning pork trade, this law was strongly motivated to protect the American diet. Laws enacted in Italy in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries to correct unsanitary and fraudulent practices required butchers to renew their licenses annually, prohibited misrepresentations, substitutions, and unsanitary practices, and provided for inspections. No raw food product is totally sterile. The development of new chemicals that enhanced the color, flavor, and texture of food made it easier for manufacturers to mask their manipulations. Anyone who says that government regulation is always a bad thing needs to think about things like the meat inspection act. When someone comes and checks on something to make sure it is up to a code or set of rules.
Abstract Throughout history, meat inspection legislation, regulations, and procedures have been altered to keep pace with changing methods of beef production, slaughter, processing, and consumption. If you are interpreting an engineer's requirement, it would be best to understand the intent of the inspection for the application. Department of Agriculture in 1883. Government regulation of this kind strongly affected the ways in which foods and drugs were prepared, packaged, labeled, sold, and advertised in the. Yet, the most important objectives set by the law are the prevention of adulterated or misbranded livestock and products from being commercialized and sold as food, and the making sure that meat and all its products are processed and prepared in the adequate sanitary and hygienic conditions Reeves 35. A former director's inspection right continues for seven 7 years after they cease to be a director. However, these technologies are usually applied to disease investigations only when a potential agent is suspected.
The laws did not extend to drugs, however, and their production remained largely unregulated. According to Janssen 1981 , it was hoped that the enactment of this law would… 1001 Words 5 Pages and responsibilities were blatantly ignored by the industry in an attempt to turn out as much profit as possible. Origins of reform Beginning in the 1880s, American chemist Harvey W. University of California - Santa Barbara. Nevertheless, they are worthy targets. Also contributing significantly to the broad public response was the larger movement made by muckraking journalists and activists who called for reform in government regulation of industry. This division of administrative oversight persists to this day.
Of those journalists, American writer is perhaps best known, for his series of articles about the Beef Trust that were published as The Greatest Trust in the World 1905. A meat inspection act passed on March 3, 1891 26 stat. The concept was first applied in the 1960s to ensure risk-free foods for U. The sanitary inspection requirements entailed both pre-slaughter inspection of livestock and post-slaughter inspection of each carcass. It also regulated the purity and dosage of substances. This requires all animals to be inspected upon arrival at the slaughterhouse.
Such animals cannot enter establishments to be slaughtered or dressed. Grounds for refusal of licence 11 1 An administrator shall not issue or renew a licence in respect of a meat plant or meat processing plant to an applicant where the administrator is of the opinion that a the past conduct of the applicant or, where the applicant is a corporation, of its officers or directors, affords reasonable grounds to believe that the operation of the meat plant or meat processing plant will not be carried on in accordance with this Act and the regulations; b the applicant does not have or will not have available all premises, facilities and equipment necessary to operate a meat plant or meat processing plant in accordance with this Act and the regulations; c the applicant is not or will not be able to comply with this Act and the regulations; or d initial or continued operation of the meat plant or meat processing plant is deemed by the administrator to represent a risk to human health. This bill was signed into law in 1906 by then U. Presidential Administration June 29, 1938 P. They should also inspect the infrastru … cture and the assets available to the students - i.
What were the Effects of the Meat Inspection Act? Upton Sinclair exposed the unhygienic and unsanitary methods used by the food industry that resulted in a scandal about the quality and purity of food sold to the U. In early agrarian societies, people personally observed food from harvest to consumption. Rights of Inspection Section 8336. As the moves into the twenty-first century, it must make radical changes in its system and its ability to respond to the food safety needs of 250 million Americans. Establish Record-keeping and documentation procedures. Previous Food and Nutrition Board reports , 1985a, 1985b have outlined legitimate reasons for public concern about foodborne diseases transmitted by beef or beef products.
It has been expanded beyond microbial contamination to include potential chemical hazards , 1989a. The book dealt with conditions in the U. Department of Agriculture ongoing monitoring and inspection of slaughter and processing operations. The law also applied to imported products, which were treated under similarly rigorous foreign inspection standards. At the time, the Pure was the most daunting intrusion by federal authorities into interstate commerce. President 1933 —1945 , who did not always respond to Wiley's sensationalist style of lobbying, reportedly read The Jungle with interest. In addition, the Meat Inspection Act was passed partly because of public opinion.