East Pakistanis demand autonomy, then independence in the face of brutal repression by the Pakistani military. The armed separatists used a chainsaw to cut our bodies into pieces. Topic: Kashmir Issue Outline: The Kashmir dispute is there from the independence of India and Pakistan and after various confrontations during wars the problem still persists where the United Nations and other super powers have been unable to resolve. As a result, communal violence gripped the region, in which Hindus were targeted, especially the Kashmiri pandits, who later in the year 1990, in large numbers. Abdullah prohibited his entry and promptly arrested him when he attempted. Conflicts have certain characteristics which can be analyzed. In March 2009, Abdullah stated that only 800 militants were active in the state and out of these only 30% were Kashmiris.
Amnesty International welcomed this move but cautioned that justice should be consistently delivered and prosecutions of security forces personnel be held in civilian courts. Pakistan Inter service Intelligence helped them to incorporate into organized militant groups. Kashmir has three major ethnic areas: Ladakh in the northwest, which is majority Buddhist; the Kashmir Valley controlled by India and the part now controlled by Pakistan, which is majority Muslim, and Jammu in the south , which is majority Hindu. And, since both the countries have acquired overt nuclear weapons potential, and since India led by Hindu nationalists has clearly shown its aggressive intentions towards Kashmir after declaring itself a nuclear state, a third India-Pakistan war over Kashmir is a possibility, a war that may result in a South Asian nuclear catastrophe. India says it will not use nuclear weapons first.
Although thousands of people have died as a result of the turmoil in Jammu and Kashmir, the conflict has become less deadly in recent years. Peak of the conventional and nuclear confrontation reached in May-June 2002. The conflict led to disruption in job opportunities, education, mental disorders and overall development. Religion is very important to both of these countries; it is the reason they separated in 1947. There are various estimates of these killings.
India is also of the view that Resolution 47 is obsolete, since the geography and demographics of the region have permanently altered since it adoption. Thus, there is a question — how will they ensure that other states including Pakistan leave Kashmir? There is great hope for peace. The Muslim majority suffered under Hindu rule with high taxes and discrimination. He ruled out Al-Qaeda ties with the militant groups in Kashmir including and. Or a settlement of the Kashmir issue, which may eventually pave the way for setting up a credible global nuclear arms control and non-proliferation regimes? He aired his views that a neutral administration was necessary for a fair plebiscite, that the exclusion of Indian troops. Kashmir was provisionally accepted into the Indian Union pending a free and impartial plebiscite.
There was highest recorded participation in this election. A second meeting followed in Delhi in the backdrop of unrest in Kashmir following Sheikh Abdullah's arrest. India and Pakistan conducted nuclear tests in 1998 and the two countries each hold significant numbers of nuclear warheads. Based on the theories derived from the division of land between the two nations, the partition that brought India and Pakistan into existence, and then, Kashmir should have fallen into the Pakistan side since it has more Muslim population. In the late 1980s and early 1990s, Hindu fundamentalism begins to become more powerful as a political force in India. Performances by a Pakistani theatre group were cancelled in the western Indian city of Jaipur and in the Indian capital following protests by hard-line Hindu groups.
Pakistan Inter service Intelligence helped them to incorporate into organized militant groups. The overall majority is Muslim. In 2006 Al-Qaeda claim they have established a wing in Kashmir, which worried the Indian government. Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. On the Pakistani side, military alertness was raised and some flights suspended. History: When British India was given its independence , India was supposed to be divided into two countries. Additionally, Kashmir is appealing because of its location.
Gilgit-Baltistan thus gains province-like status without actually being conferred such status constitutionally. Despite appearing to be separate issues, the Kashmir dispute and the dispute over the water control are in reality related and the fight over the water remains one of the main problems in establishing good relations between the two countries. President Obama subsequently appointed as special envoy to Pakistan and Afghanistan. This partition was primarily a result of Hindus and Muslims having major differences in ideals, language, culture, and ethnicity. In 1949, the Indian government obliged Hari Singh to leave Jammu and Kashmir and yield the government to Sheikh Abdullah. After the overthrow of Sheikh Abdullah, his lieutenant Mirza Afzal Beg formed the on 9 August 1955 to fight for the plebiscite demand and the unconditional release of Sheikh Abdullah.
Regrettably, the leadership that followed the Quaid singularly failed to live up to his ideals. It is the only state in India with a Muslim majority 67. But the more serious-minded among them also realised that this is not possible, considering Kashmir's size and borders. The Indians were particularly shaken by the event which they blamed on. Most densely soldiered territory :- The Indian troops-to-Kashmiri people ratio in the occupied Kashmir is the largest ever soldiers-to-civilians ratio in the world. Pakistan accepted these proposals but India rejected them because it did not want Pakistan, who was in India's eyes the 'aggressor', to have an equal footing. The declaration of India states that it is impractically impossible for it to succeed its Kashmir controlled area.
Unable to withstand the invasion, the Maharaja signed the Instrument of Accession on 25 October 1947 that was accepted by the government of India on 27 October 1947. While Kashmir and its people desperately need a better life, there is no feasible political solution for Kashmir. Late 1980s: There is a state-level election in the Indian-controlled portion of Kashmir. Additionally, they are trained in Afghanistan and Pakistan. Kashmir stands divided between India and Pakistan and neither wants to cede control to the other, nor will do so.
China occupies a part of Ladakh. As late as that year, Jamaat member Syed Ali Shah Geelani, who later became a supporter of Kashmir's armed revolt, urged that the solution for the Kashmir issue be arrived at through peaceful and democratic means. During Napoleon's reign, France reached its greatest magnitude and was considered among Europe as a leading military power. Revelations made on 24 September 2013 by the former Indian army chief claim that the state politicians of Jammu and Kashmir are funded by the army secret service to keep the general public calm and that this activity has been going on since Partition. Nor did it consider the possibility of asking the International Court of Justice for an advisory opinion on the juridical aspect of the conflict under Article 96 of the Charter. For the same very reason, Kashmir assumes added importance for Pakistan from military point of view.