The other subject of the Second Defence is Oliver Cromwell. His troubled marriage shocked Milton, and he set out to write The Doctrine and Discipline of Divorce, in which he argued that incompatibility—not just adultery—was grounds for divorce. Milton was determined not to let that happen. Tasso's Jerusalem Delivered was obviously an influence on Milton's own epic poetry. His writing brought him into a position of power in the Commonwealth, Secretary for Foreign Tongues to the Council of State, and he served in that duty from 1649 until 1659. The years of essay and pamphlet writing did not diminish his creative spark.
In telling the story this way, Milton slyly provokes the reader to consider just what exactly the point of having a monarch, especially one who delegates the dangerous tasks of leadership to his underlings, and the silliness of exalting such a ruler in often times extravagant, pompous ways. He became a prominent figure when England was passing through a time of huge religious and political turmoil. Satan was one of the highest angels in Heaven, Milton makes the reader see him as a leader and a strong influence to all in his presence. They also suggest the degree to which the British were able to transmute their own daunting imperial liabilities into ideological advantages and virtues. His first political pamphlets argued that the nation should be governed by the church.
Few images in the history of literature are more poignant that of the blind Puritan dictating day after day his great epic, Paradise Lost, the theme of which is announced in the opening lines: Of man's disobedience, and the fruit Of that forbidden tree, whose mortal taste Brought death into the world, and all our woe, With loss of Eden. In line with Tenure of Kings and Magistrates, Milton proposes in Def. As an antidote to this misuse of power Milton prescribed the prevalence of the administration of law which subsequently came to be known as rule of law. And Milton never fully abandons his belief that war against flesh and blood has its place in the wars of the spirit. He generally expressed his political views and ideas through literature and due to this people know him as a great personality of literary world. God gives a speech to his angels, foretelling the fall of mankind, and stating that someone must sacrifice in order to save his beloved creatures from eternal damnation. What John Milton emphasizes is that law is the determiner of everything and none is above law or outside the purview of law.
On the political front that progress moves from ecclesiastical liberation congregational replacing hierarchical organization to republican government dominated by an aristocracy of Protestant leaders who act in the name of the people even if they cannot count on popular approval. So if Milton were to revisit us today he would not rejoice at the progress of liberty since his death. The Restoration of 1660 deprived Milton, now completely blind, of his public platform, but this period saw him complete most of his major works of poetry. Milton further argues that the king has the right to his crown and dignity. John Milton has also emphasized the importance of law. This is worth looking at and here is a resource that I am yet to mine fully. When he appealed to Monk in the letter that presented his eleventh-hour scheme for sustaining a republic, Milton was willing to impose liberty by force on a recalcitrant majority of the population.
Nonethless, I have one question. The enlightened Christian should affirm the authority of the liberal state. Milton argued forcefully against the Licensing Order of 1643 and he relies on biblical and classical references to strengthen his argument. With the death of Oliver Cromwell in 1658, Milton's political fortunes were reversed. Milton's reply was entitled Defensio Secunda, which was published in 1654. This made his grandfather angry and deprived him of property. Charles I had lost the Battle of Naseby and any hope for military victory.
From his concept of liberty and individualism can be deduced his attitude to religion and church-state relation. Satan is a hero to the rebel angels in the story he is their leader and is considered their hero. Whatever the reason, Milton did not seem to mind the respite from Christ's, nor did the rustication impede his progression through the school in any significant way. He also claimed that all monarchs have the potential to be tyrants, no matter how benevolent they may appear. This book gives a very clear summary of Milton's humanist, theological and religious background, and breaks the topics down into very manageable chunks.
What matter where, if I still be the same? Next to William Shakespeare, he is regarded by many as the greatest English poet and the author of the language's finest epic poem. In this book he defended the freedom of publication. Anything aggressively critical of the Crown, Court, Parliament, or Church. His republicanism was put aside to support the government, and, in Defensio Secunda, he praised Cromwell's rule. The alternative lies in supposing that a prudent consistency of principle required Milton to change affiliations by adjusting to altered circumstances and by distancing himself from associates less firm in their adherence to the main point. This pamphlet, along with Milton's other work for the Puritans, resulted in his being offered the position of Secretary for the Foreign Tongues.
Hawkes agrees, and he enlists Milton as an ally in his own iconoclasm regarding perceived evils of the present day. Worse still, all his political ideals and hopes were crushed eight years later when the Commonwealth disintegrated and the monarchy was restored. In the seventeenth century, the Crown played a much greater role in the running of the country than it does today. Milton argues that a tyrannical ruler contradicts this divine order, and that the role of the king is primarily to maintain this order, rather than to destabilize it. Real religious reform entailed going right back to the time of Constantine, and questioning the idea of a politically empowered church. Instead, he began a six-year stay at his father's recently purchased country estate of Horton with the stated intention of becoming a poet.