An example of this is the , the first steel-wire suspension bridge in the world , that opened in 1883 that connected the cities of New York Manhattan and Brooklyn. Moreover, these immigrants were very different than the typical American because they were overwhelmingly Catholic or Greek Orthodox, or Jewish, and unfamiliar with democratic government. Those who failed to show this were shipped back to their homelands. Its inception resulted from many trends in European society, , and diplomacy during the late 19th century. Whether the immigrants stayed or not, their presence became worrisome to many native-born Americans. Not only did immigrants come from Germany and Scandinavia, but immigrants continued to pour in from Ireland and Britain, bringing with them their diverse political beliefs, social customs, and religious traditions. During this period in American history workers moved towards manufacturing centers in cities and towns seeking jobs in factories as agricultural jobs became less common.
Many of them made their new home in New York and were able to transfer their skills as tailors and shopkeepers to the New World. Refrigeration was invented, makinglives healthier since food now could be stored in iceboxes ratherand eating semi-spoiled foods that were only kept good with salt. Urbanization is inevitable due to technological advances and an increasing population. A water and food borne bacteria, the disease spread easily and caused about a ten percent fatality rate. Benefits of Urbanization in America: New York City The lack of planning due to the rapid expansion of towns and cities were addressed as the years passed. At the time, state and federal governments did little to help immigrants adjust to their new lives in America, leaving city governments burdened with the enormous task. Duden preached that America was a bastion of cheap and available land, especially in the western states and territories.
The low paid, unskilled immigrants lived in the cheap dirty, crowded conditions and faced discrimination in the workplace from native workers. Eastern and southern Europe, more rural at the outset of the period, changed more slowly and in somewhat different ways. The effect of rapid … population growth is that the world is getting more crowded and there is increased consumption of resources of all types, which causes environmental and economic problems, and there is increased competition for these resources which is causing political stress. In 1840 the United States had only 131 cities by 1900 that number had risen to over 1,700. Urban families realized that most likely at least one of their children would not reach the age of five. By 1900, that number skyrocketed to seventy-five million. Between 1789 and 1849 Europe dealt with the forces of political revolution and the first impact of the Industrial Revolution.
Cattle shipped from Texas, lumber from the east, etc. In many other instances, the immigrants had their political preference chosen for them by powerful political machines. Immigrants took part in movements like Progressivism to effect change and address the problems caused by industrialization and urbanization. After the 1880s, they made up the majority of immigrants entering the country, and from 1900 to 1910, they comprised nearly 70 percent of all immigrants. In between these boundaries—the one opening a new set of trends, the other bringing long-standing tensions to a head—much of modern Europe was defined.
Prior to 1880, the majority of immigrants were from the British Isles and western Europe. Thus the residential movement away from the city center and into suburban areas predates the development of mass transit Green, 1957. Inspiring Conflict Immigration also caused conflict in American society. The incredible inventions of the First Industrial Revolution, that centered on textiles, agriculture, iron, and steam engine technology, provided farmers with the McCormick Reaper, the Cotton Gin and Cotton Spinning Machinery and revolutionized farming methods in the United States and led to the expansion of the mills. These organizations contested the immigration of different ethnicities for cultural and economic reasons, but also because of rising health concerns. The federal government passed the Urban Act of 1870, which required people to move to cities Which of the following was a reason for the growth of cities in the late 1800s? Kearny's followers began terrorizing the Chinese in the streets, killing some Chinese immigrants and shearing the pigtails off of others.
The Immigration Act of 1917 was replaced by The National Origins Act of 1924, which was even more restrictive. Lack of space in rural areas due to a growing population also leads to urbanization. The impact of the railroads on Midwestern cities favored westward expansion; but, at the same time, it brought remote parts of the country into a national market economy where old industries expanded as well as new ones emerged. Definition and Summary of Urbanization Summary and Definition: Urbanization means the redistribution of populations from rural farming or country life to urban town and city life. In 1882, Representative Henry Cabot Lodge of Massachusetts began arguing to exclude illiterates from immigrating into America.
Too many people were already living in rural or country areas. One more solution for this housing problem was found in so called filter process that is creation of vacancies in standard housing for families of lower incomes. Existing buildings, that had once been single-family dwellings, were increasingly divided into cramped, multiple living housing to accommodate the growing population - the tenement building was created. Although cities were filled with a diverse mix of ethnicities, languages, and religions, immigrants shared a lot in common. The sudden rise of towns and cities in America left little time for rational urban planning. Now that most farmers had an easier way to farm, they actually started to expand their farms and brought in an okay profit. There is access to more educational and medical services, which allows increased literacy and better health.
Trenches and outhouses were both unsavory solutions as waste was rarely removed from them and frequently flowed into the streets of the city. The door for Chinese immigration would not reopen until 1943. For additional facts refer to History of Urbanization in America for kids: Growth Rate in the Cities The history of U rbanization in America can be seen in the growth rate of city populations. Throughout the nineteenth century, the United States had been mostly a nation of farmers, who lived in the country. Especially in the summer months, infants and children were extremely susceptible to diarrheal diseases.