Lesson Summary Let's take a few moments to recap the important stuff we learned about job enrichment in this lesson. Ad hoc, Analysis of variance, Finance 647 Words 3 Pages 1. It can be contrasted to job enlargement which simply increases the number of tasks without changing the challenge. We are the Human Resource Department from La De Flora Café. Just take a read of this article to know the basic differences between job enlargement and job enrichment.
Some of the disadvantages of job rotation include the fact that it can be expensive to implement and may not produce the desired results. Both job enrichment and job enlargement are motivational techniques, important forms of jobs redesign and help to enhance productivity and job satisfaction. For example: one with a higher level of satisfaction would. The concept that people might perform better if their job is motivating enough was first introduced in 1968, in a by Frederick Herzberg. Typically, job enrichment involves combining various existing and new tasks into one job that gives the employee an increase in responsibilities and the scope of their job. So job enlargement might cause workplace issues and disturb the lives of accustomed teams. It may also happen that the worker productivity will fall after the implementation of new system.
Job enrichment, when compared to job enlargement, not only includes more duties and responsibilities, but also gives the right of decision making and control. Job enlargement expands horizontally when compared to job enrichment, which expands vertically. Job enrichment is an attempt to motivate employees by giving them the opportunity to use the range of their abilities. Job enrichment is a method for redesigning jobs, a motivation technique that aims at making work more interesting and challenging for the employees. Job loading Job enrichment involves vertical loading of functions and responsibilities of the employee. Job enlargement is a vehicle employers use to put additional workload on employees, perhaps in economical downtime. Job analysis process Process of job analysis includes 8 steps.
Also, a job is also reffered to an activity, often regular, and often performed. These characteristics have, in turn, been linked to improvements in work motivation, job satisfaction and work quality, reduced absenteeism and lower labour turnover Ford 1969; Hackman et al. They are different in some ways but at the same time they are very alike in many ways. It involves the addition of tasks at the same level of skill and responsibility. Many companies take new employees on a tour of the company and provide training sessions on how each part of the company works together with the other parts. Job Rotation must start with an end goal.
It can be contrasted to job enlargement which simply increases the number of tasks without changing the challenge. Job rotation also gives each employee the opportunity to see how the different jobs of a company fit together and gives the company more flexibility in covering tasks when workers are absent. There is a five-point scale in the questionnaire or survey from employee responses. To meet these needs, jobs can be designed with the five job characteristics in mind: skill variety, task identity, task significance, autonomy, and feedback. Job enrichment— allowing the employees to have more control in planning their work and deciding how the work should be accomplished—is one way to tap into the natural desire most employees have to do a good job, to be appreciated for their contributions to the company, and to feel more a part of the company team. As such, finishing it will be an accomplishment.
A typical approach might be to replace assembly lines with modular work; Instead of an employee repeating the same step on each product, they perform several tasks a single item. Job Description This is the objective setting of the job title, tasks, duties and responsibilities involved in a job. Staying Focused When given decision-making roles that involve more authority, employees end up being more mentally stimulated. By exposing employees to a wider range of operations the manager is able to discover what their strengths and weaknesses are and maybe find any hidden talents the employee may have. It must be noted that the new activities which have been added should belong to the same hierarchy level in the organization. While job enlargement is considered a horizontal restructuring method, job enrichment is a vertical restructuring method by virtue of giving the employee additional authority, autonomy, and control over the way the job is accomplished. This can result in improved morale for the employee.
Vertical growth of job or augmentation is helpful to obtain managerial rights. Identify total point of each response. Difference Between Job Enlargement and Job Enrichment The difference between jobenrichment and jobenlargement is quality and quantity. The execution of plans and evaluationof results motivates workers and relieves boredom. Putting employees from different areas of the company into planning teams can also help them see the significance of the tasks they perform. Also, ambitious employees are more likely to stick with an employer if they are trusted to perform higher level duties. Cross-Functional Cross-functional job rotation is a typical characteristic of graduate entry schemes in large organizations.
Job enrichment has been found to have greater impact in terms of motivation when compared to job enlargement. Besides, reducing repetition of tasks, the first action point of job enrichment, instantly makes the job , more enjoyable, and improves productivity with self-driven employees. Job enlargement contradicts the principles of specialisation and the division of labour whereby work is divided into small units, each of which is performed repetitively by an individual worker. Furthermore, workers who are given the right amount of responsibility and autonomy will not want to leave, and a low turnover sends a good message about the company to the labor market. The job holders feel satisfied that his tasks have been extended, without knowing that his role and responsibilities are increased. Job Enlargement: It is the process of increasing the scope of a job by adding more tasks to it. Further an enriched job shall meet certain psychological needs of job holders Identity achievement etc.
Better career opportunities may also come as you train for new skills and learn how to work through important workplace problems and solutions. In short, we can say that job enrichment means to upgrade the quality of a job and to make it more exciting, challenging and creative. Graphical Representation of Job Enrichment The job holder is given responsibilities and power to plan, control and make important decisions. The outcomes of job analysis will be: Job description what the job entails , Job specifications what the human requirements are needed for the job. Job rotation can help employees to explore their interests. Disadvantages to consider include things like the need for job review, the need to change many positions at once, and the need for additional employee training.