In a series of sessions in 1918, 1919 and 1920, where the old and the new generations clashed in famous and important debates, Gandhi and his young supporters imbued the Congress rank-and-file with passion and energy to combat British rule directly. However, the moderates opted to co-operate with the execution of the Act. When Nehru was ten, his father, Motilal Nehru, a lawyer and leader of the , acquired the lavish 42—room house. This method of education was also adopted in some areas in Egypt. This was also known as Zamindar Sabha.
In March 1885 a notice was issued convening a meeting of the first Indian National Union at Poona now Pune in December of the same year. The Khilafat Movement was a protest against the injustices done to Turkey after the World War I. With this, the third and significant phase of Indian nationalism began and which continued till independence. He also visited England and met people like John Bright, Sir James Caird, Lord Ripon and some members of the British Parliament. Motilal Nehru, Lala Lajpat Rai and some other stalwarts backed Gandhi. More than anything else, the National Congress represented the urge of the politically conscious Indians to set up a national organization to work for their political and economic advancement.
Other important delegates included Dadabhai Naoroji, Justice Ranade, Pherozeshah Mehta, K. Hume, Pherozeshah Mehta, , , Dinshaw Wacha, William Wedderburn. Hume, a retired civil servant who was staying in Shimla post- retirement. But with Tilak's arrest, all hopes for an Indian offensive were stalled. Whatever may have been the effects of Muslim league, but it made clear that the interests of Muslims must be regarded completely separate from those of the Hindus. This introduction of democracy was vital in rejuvenating the party, giving voice to ordinary members as well as valuable practice for Indians in democracy.
In the initial years Congress sessions were limited to debates. Several scholars expressed the view that the extremists involved religion in politics and advocated the militancy of Hinduism. Urdu-Hindi Controversy: The Urdu-Hindu controversy began with the demand of Hindus to replace Urdu by Hindi as official language in Deva Nagari Script. Many Indians were planning to establish an all India organization of nationalist political workers. At the same time the seat of the Central Government was shifted from Calcutta to Delhi. The Congress led India to Independence in 1947 after a long but remarkably peaceful struggle.
It was being felt from the beginning that the All India Muslim League would not achieve considerable success without winning the British Public opinion to its side. The parties that participated in the elections were the Congress, the Muslim League, and others. The Extremist Phase 1906-1919 : There was a rise of extremism or militant nationalism within the National Congress extending from 1906 to 1919. The Nationalist Movement under Gandhiji : Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi took control of the national movement in 1919. Durbars and other official and semi-official functions held by the Government officials or in their honor.
Dadabhai electrified the nationalist ranks by openly declaring in his presidential. As time went by, the Congress changed its stance and apparently became the biggest opposition to the British government. The split was inevitable as the Moderates, though steadily disillusioned with the British Government, did not accept the ideology and the methods of the new nationalists. Origin The origin of the caste system as it is today is still obscure. Knowing the circumstances which led to the formation of Muslim league was not difficult to make out what it aimed to. All of them belonged to educated middle class and had very modest objectives.
Pal retired from active politics and Aurobindo went away to Pondicherry. To prevent among the Muslims, the rise of prejudicial feelings against the other communities of India. Banerjee, Pheroz Shah Mehta etc. The moderates, led by Gopal Krishna Gokhale, Pherozeshah Mehta and Dadabhai Naoroji held firm to calls for negotiations and political dialogue. In 1930, Motilal Nehru renamed the house Swaraj Bhavan Independence House and donated the property to the Indian National Congress, which used it as a hospital and headquarters for the All-Indian Congress Committee.
Returning to India in 1915, Gandhi looked to Indian culture and history, the values and lifestyle of its people to empower a new revolution, with the concept of non-violence, , he coined a term,. Although still controversial, Nehru's legacy is one of faith in democracy, constitutional authority, and secularism. Thus it was now entirely up to Gandhi's Congress to show the way for the nation. Thus it was now entirely up to Gandhi's Congress to show the way for the nation. The Congress was the strongest foundation and defining influence of modern Indian nationalism. India's constitution, developed between 1947 and 1950, incorporates ideas from Western democracies, including universal suffrage, freedom of the press, and freedom of speech.