It endangers the religion, honour, life and property of the Hindus and Muslims. But in the 18th century the pattern of trade underwent a drastic change. A large number of Indian rulers and chiefs were dislodged, thus arousing fear in the minds of other ruling families who apprehended a similar fate. The Hindus were primarily concerned with the restoration of Nana Sahib and Rani Laxmi Bai. Those only who pay are permitted to travel on the public roads.
Which dealing with the administration of territories directly under his control he was to be known as Governor-General of India while dealing with Indian princes he was to be known as Viceroy of India. Change in pattern of trade and commerce During the first two hundred years of its rule , the British East India Company confined its activities to trade and commerce. For six days there was desperate fighting. In the 19th century, in the British narratives of the mutiny, the activities of the sepoys were written about as something disorderly and chaotic - the work of disloyal soldiery. It was attended by 72 delegates from all over India. They also proclaimed Bahadur Shah 11, the Mughal Emperor, as the Emperor of India. Administration was transferred from East India Company to the crown of Britain.
So it was very difficult for the British to control the insurgency in Ireland. A young sepoy of 34th Native infantry, Mangle Pander killed the Sergeant Major of his regiment. The Indian rulers had been patrons of arts and literature and had supported scholars, religious preachers and divines. In 1648 Spain recognized the independence of Dutch Republic and the state retained control over the territories that were conquered in the later stages of the war. The sepoys also had religious or caste grievances of their own. The Hindus and Muslims were defeated but not their respective religions. Indian Rebellion of 1857 or revolt of 1857 A 1912 map of 'Northern India: the Revolt of 1857-58' showing six centres of rebellion including the principal ones: , , , , , and Date 10 May 1857 — 20 June 1858 Location India cf.
Since the sepoys from Bengal — many of whom had fought against the Company in the Battles of Plassey and Buxar — were now suspect in British eyes, Hastings recruited farther west from the high-caste rural Rajputs and Brahmins of Awadh and Bihar, a practice that continued for the next 75 years. Surendranath Banerjee was called the Indian Burke. The unrivalled superiority of British imperialism played a major part in suppressing the revolt. Ruination of Artisans and Craftsmen C. There was an increasing pressure for the peasants to register increased production. The Mutiny was a result of various grievances.
So he became an enemy of the English. The introduction of the teaching of the Bible also was considered by the Indian as an attempt by the Christians to convert them to Christianity. Choose the correct option: a 10 b 1 c 25 d 0 9 Evaluate: 10 Evaluate 255 × 260 — 297 × 218 using Laws of exponent. But their policies brought a very sharp reaction from the general masses consisting of the peasants, artisans, traders etc. With the extension of British dominion, the condition laid down on the new recruitments in their services in the army department exercised so tight and irritating a control over the soldiers that they could not further tolerate the high handedness to which they were subjected by the British Officers. In Islam, all forms of murder, suicide or actions that help a person kill themselves is forbidden. In this way, the Englishmen succeeded to suppress the revolt.
In addition, the paper will give attention to the causes of the revolt, its representation in British sources, and Chowdhury view of how photography represented the revolt. On becoming an independent state Dutch Republic got its official name as The United Provinces of the Netherlands or Dutch Republic. But subsequent enquiries proved that, the fat of Cow or Pig had really been used in catridges. This applied only to new recruits, but older sepoys suspected that it might bied apply to those already in service. Of course, both fought together against the British. Persons attending the session belonged to different religious faiths.
Abolition of Sati Pratha in 1829 by William Bantick and introduction of Widow Remarriage act in 1856 created suspicion in the minds of conservative Hindus that the British were trying to anglicise them. Americans panicked because there was a loss of confidence in an Ohio financial institution. The revolt was mainly confined to the Doab region. He is addressed as a 'suar' or pig. An Indian sepoy was paid less than a European sepoy of the same rank.
The police, petty officials and lower law courts were notoriously corrupt. Our traditional handicrafts industry was ruined. In their escape they viciously killed several and this was to set the tone for some savage scenes, especially for the next six months. The introduction of railway, telegraph and Postal System was regarded by the Indian as an attempt to europeanise them. It created a cloud of suspicious among the native state.
It besides led the British to reorganise the ground forces. Military Cause: It is a strange thing that the Indian Sepoys who were mainly responsible for the company to conqueror whole of India, suddenly led a violent revolution against it. After the battle of Plassey in 1757, the British captured Bengal and using it as a base they captured the entire business installations of the area and imposed their trade monopoly. This created a cloud of suspicious in the mind of Hindus. India became a milch cow to feed England while her own sons were gradually pushed to the starvation. The Gandhian Phase 1919 — 1947 The Moderate Phase The Moderates were the most active participants of the freedom struggle during this phase and so the name Moderate Phase.