Each of these braches of Ethics deals with morals, actions, ethical decisions and judgments. For the basis of this paper, I have chosen to write about the nursing code of ethics. It shapes how people think and act. Space does not allow for a detailed critique of utilitarianism here. This theory is used to decide which course of action can best minimise pain while ensuring the majority benefit; through happiness. It will also compare utilitarianism to egoism, Kantian ethics, intuitionism and affirmative action. According to Utilitarianism, euthanasia can be morally justified, whereas according to Kantianism, euthanasia is not morally justifiable; but I will argue that neither position provides an adequate resolution to the issue, due to the significant flaws that are inherent in the reasoning that led to their particular positions.
As we all know, time does not allow us to. By the way, if you do what God says just so you can go to heaven, you are not being ethical. It is a challenge for them to work with different situation everyday and they have to be prepared for it. In a short definition, Deontology is the ethical theory that is concerned with duties and rights. There are applications that tell me where is the closes gym that I am a member of.
Hallworth San Francisco State University Utilitarianism is a consequentialist theory holding that moral actions are based on the maximization of overall happiness, defined as the Utility Principle. Deontological Ethics There are two major ethics theories that attempt to specify and justify moral rules and principles: utilitarianism and deontological ethics. Utilitarianism also called consequentialism is a moral theory developed and refined in the modern world in the writings of Jeremy Bentham 1748-1832 and John Stuart Mill 1806-1873. Kant stated that a universal law should provide the basis for each act, and that the intention was of more importance than the result. Associate's degree, College, Master of Science in Nursing 1103 Words 4 Pages the link below the excerpt. Utility is more specifically defined as a measure of the goodness or badness of the consequences of an action. From this concept of duty, derived what he called a categorical imperative, a principle that is intrinsically valid good in and of itself , and that must be obeyed in all situations and circumstances if our behavior is to observe moral laws.
In the deontology theory, we all have rules, duties and obligation that we need to follow in order to be considered an ethical individual Merrill 11. Next you would predict what consequences would be associated with each alternative. The History and Importance of Deontology Deontology has rarely been separated from virtue ethics. Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals 1785. If the manager of a retail store with a posted merchandise return policy may choose to honor the policy or to make exceptions, depending on the circumstances of a particular return.
A hypothetical imperative would compel action in a given circumstance e. But the field of nursing you have to follow a code of ethics, a set of rules and regulation. Morality is about good people. The word deontology comes from the deon, which means duty, and logos, which means science. This method would lead to enormous wastage of time and energy in decision-making and are prone to bias. According to Bentham, utilitarianism is the greatest happiness or greatest felicity principle.
The deontological ideologists doctors and other medical staffs are usually driven to utilitarian approach by public health professionals, hospital managers, and politicians utilitarian ideologists. Deontology judges the ethical motive of an action not by its consequences, merely by the reasoning behind it. Kant argued, what came with is religiosity, that we, humans are rational, moral beings. Kant also declared that for an act to be considered morally correct, the act must be driven by duty alone. For Paley, if it is nonsense to say the watch came about by chance, or has always existed, then is equally nonsensical to say the Universe came about by chance, or has always been; the Universe like the watch is much too complicated , and shows evidence of design and purpose for that to be the case.
Some ethical theories that influence nursing practice are Consequentialism, Deontology, Ethical Relativism, Utilitarianism theory, Teleology, Virtue ethics, and Justice and. Deontological ethics are thus ethics where the reasons for particular duties have been forgotten, even if things have completely changed. This clerk behaves in this manner because he believes that he has a duty to follow the full and literal policy that the employer has provided to him. It is pivotal for nurses because it will ensure that they are preforming their jobs and duties with the highest regard to patient advocacy and maintain the ethics which nursing is based on. One thinker to reject this idea of consequentialism was Immanuel Kant.
It is thus a form of consequentialism, meaning that the moral worth of an action is determined by its outcome. The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy Winter 2013 Edition. Yet why should not this answer serve for the watch as well as for the stone? Bentham sought to produce a modern and rational approach to morality which would suit the changing society of the industrial age. When they stray from this Code, the Jedi can be seduced by the dark side of the Force. In order to find an answer to this analysis, I would first have to identify the normative ethics that deals with the utilitarian and deontological implications as to why should the top executives of the major banks that received bail-out money are allowed to receive large bonuses? It stems from the ethical theory of deontology.
This paper will discuss many major points in utilitarianism such as: it links happiness and morality, it conforms to meet the needs of different situations. Just look it up in a book. One of the most common branches of this theory is utilitarianism, which was discussed by Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill in the 19th century. We should work on becoming more honest, compassionate, kind, courageous, etc. This means that accurate information must be provided to the patient in order to make an informed decision.
As a human being first and as a nurse, I have always had a burning desire to perfect nature. Deontologists view lying and cheating are wrong, unless they thought it was their. So while the teleological argument would necessitate an intelligent designer if it is deductively sound it doesn't necessarily entail God. We would love to feel assured that they are being taken care of the best way possible. . Ethical relativism takes into account for the variability in what is considered to be normal or acceptable to any given culture. Final Provisions The ethical rules set out in this Code are binding; their non-observance is sanctioned by the Professional Council.