Kumaragupta and Skandagupta continued with the old type of coins the Garuda and the Peacock types and also introduced some other new types. Not much information is available about their rule of these two Maharajas. General coin specifications: The Gupta gold coins are known as Dinars and they are the most extraordinary examples of numismatic and artistic excellence. Chandragupta-I is unique compared to the traditional Kushan coinage. Scholars remain divided over the origins of Indian coinage. Hence it would not be an exaggeration to say that level of excellence of the Gupta numismatic art declined in the later times. Starting from a small kingdom in Magadha modern Bihar in the late 3rd century, the Gupta empire grew rapidly under the leadership of Chandragupta I and his son Samudragupta.
The Guptas were trained with the knowledge of siege craft, catapults and other sophisticated war machineries. Another noted feature, unique to the Guptas, is their coins. Gupta coinage started out imitating that of the mighty Kushans, but very soon had their own identity which in turn became a forerunner for the dynasties and kingdoms to come thereafter! In many coins of Samudragupta, he is depicted as carrying an axe. Samudragupta isued as many as 8 different types of coins for himself. In contrast, in the neighbouring Persia, it was 13 to 1. The clues hidden in the coin designs, legends, dates and metrology all speak volumes and have here been deciphered to help reconstruct the history of the dynasty.
Bust of king and Greek legend. They preferred vegetarianism and shunned alcoholic beverages. He was a follower of Hinduism and is known to have worshipped Lord Vishnu. Indian economy in the Gupta period was largely based on self-sufficient units of production in villages and towns and that money economy was gradually becoming weaker at this time. He mentions that something worth a nishka is called naishka and something worth a Śatamāna is called a Śatamānam etc. The decline in the later Gupta Period: Gupta Period that was once distinguished for its creativity in art, literature and architecture began to decline during the reign of Skandagupta.
He also attempted to approximate the value of π. The paintings depicted in the caves of Ajanta, Elephanta and Ellora reflects the monumentality of the Guptan approach. The reverse is usual Kushan Goddess, a seated Lakshmi but not on the usual Kushan throne, but on lotus Padma. Government of Gupta Empire: The Guptas followed a hierarchy of administrative divisions. Though he issued a vast variety of coins, his coinage lacked an artistic excellence and consistency.
These coins depicted both the figures of the king and queen in a standing pose. India prospered in almost every sphere of life during this period. It also includes the Coinage of the Later Guptas and the related dynasties of Bengal. This was gained by cutting up silver bars and then making the correct weight by cutting the edges of the coin. The dinara of the Kumara Gupta reign were beautiful and intricately designed coins, unique in their style. But others meant to believe that they actually originated from the region of Varendi or the Varendra Bhumi in Bengal now is a part of Rangpur and Rajshahi division of modern day Bangladesh, wherefrom they extended to Magadha.
The author has illustrated every coin variety in Gold, Copper and Lead as well as a complete range of all known Silver coins with dates struck by the Gupta kings. With the rise of Malwa and continuous Hun invasion, the Gupta dynasty totally disappeared. He was followed by his son Ghatotkacha, who in turn was succeeded by Chandragupta I, the father of Samudragupta. Kumaragupta-I issued various types of coins, viz. The Adhikarana that is council of reprsentatives assist the Vishyapati. The first hoard of the Gupta coins was found at Kalighat, in Calcutta in 1783.
It is known from the ancient Indian texts, that the Guptas belonged to the caste of Vaishyas. On the coins, the king has his right hand raised up close to the queen's face, and numismatists have been wondering what is transpiring between them. The coin feature King with an attendant riding an elephant. This decline is most prominently observed on the quality of their coins. The artists depicted the ruler in various poses. Gold and silver coins were issued in great numbers which is a general indicative of the health of the economy. The gold coins issued by the Gupta rulers could be useful only for big transactions such as the sale and purchase of land in which gold coins were used.
Chhatra type carried the image of dwarf holding a royal parasol to Chandragupta. Asvamedha types are unique, we find a horse standing before a sacrificial post from which pennons fly over its back. Kacha Gupta coins could be the next generation of coins that circulated in the region following Samudaragupta's coinage. On another copper square coin of Maues the king is represented on horseback. We hope this short compilation about the rulers of Gupta Dynasty is useful for quick revision of the Gupta Period. He was the son of Samudra Gupta and the grandson of Chandra Gupta I. Estimate: £2,000 - £3,000 Samudragupta is a ruler of the Gupta Empire c.