Things as They Are; or The Adventures of Caleb Williams 21. The work is satirical, attacking all of the worries of Establishment figures over the challenges of dissenters. They were intellectual and social centres for debates. The Age of Humanity The notion of alienation is a very unusual one yet it is a widespread feeling—a very subjective, somewhat indefinable feeling—and a critique of the nature of any society that exists today. To follow nature meant to represent the world as it was, to obey reason. As a social humorist, Steele paints the whole age of Queen Anne particularly the political and social disputes, the gentlemen and ladies, the characters of men, the humours of society, the new book, the new play. Age is a hot topic in marriage.
Moreover, their general knowledge about life is pretty enough for them to live on their own. The style of A Tale of A Tub is verse and has a sustained vigour, ace and colorfulness. The standard of literature became low. On the one hand, the playhouses were doing without plays by turning out hack-written pantomimes. This was all about the History of English Literature.
The main social classes were merchants, landowners, and manufacturers. He is known as the father-figure in English literature. Irony is a great weapon of his satire. The artistic creation, like science, had to follow exact rules and was to be based on reason. Eliza Haywood also began her career writing erotic tales with an ostensibly political or high society background.
Great literary figures like educated and civilized the general public by means their writing. On the other hand, when a satirical play appeared, the Whig ministry would suppress it. Walpole gave to the Gothic romance the elements on which it was to thrive for a generation to come — a hero sullied by unmentionable crimes, several persecuted heroines, a castle with secret passages and haunted rooms, and a plentiful sprinkling of supernatural terrors. The so-called nature poets, for example, treated nature not as an ordered pastoral backdrop, but rather as a grand and sometimes even forbidding entity. Some of the prominent writers of that era are George Herbert, Henry Vaughan, Katherine Philips, John Donne etc. He concentrated on the , where a low-born character would go through a practically endless series of adventures. He effectively lashes out his satire at affectation, vanity, pedantry, hypocrisy and vice.
All types of literature were spread quickly in all directions. That had a great impact on the development of literature during this period. His essays are also conspicuous for their genial humour. Leading clerics had their sermon collections printed, which were top selling books. Writing was not given much importance.
He is well known for his satirical plays. Even though this age produced a lot of prose works, essentially it was an age of poetry. Pope wrote it to ridicule the narcissistic attitude of the aristocracy. The novel is a masterpiece of and emotional effect, and when Richardson was drawing to a close in the serial publication, even Henry Fielding wrote to him, begging him not to kill Clarissa. In his love of nature, his emotional response to it and in his sympathetic handling of rural life he certainly anticipates Wordsworth. For one thing, these guys were total smart mouths. Even the works studiously nontopical were, in fact, transparently political statements in the 18th century.
They loved classical authors like , , and Horace; they read them over and over, and they studied and copied them. In both case a critical spirit prevailed. Some of the topics on which metaphysical poems are written are love, existence, life etc. Londoners sensed the anxiety, as Anne had no heirs, and all of the natural successors in the Stuart family were Roman Catholic or unavailable. Instead of working from the journalistic , Richardson had in mind the books of improvement that were popular at the time. A History of English Literature, trans W. His followers and other small poets valued this writing style.
There was a spurt of picaresque him. One of the greatest lyricists of that era was John Donne. Her first novel, Love in Excess 1719 went through four editions in as many years. Theatres had to get their money from the audience of city dwellers, and plays that reflected city anxieties and celebrated the lives of citizens drew and were staged Munns 96—99. Education was less confined to the upper classes than it had been in prior centuries so contributions to science, philosophy, economics, and literature came from all parts of the kingdom. However, when Gay wrote a sequel called Polly, Walpole had the play suppressed before performance Winn 112—114. Besides him, there are few other writers who gained popularity due to their writings like, Christopher Marlowe, Ben Jonson etc.
With the growth of commerce and industry, the prestige of the old feudal nobility was on the wane. Even as Fielding was reading and enjoying Clarissa, he was also writing a counter to its messages. For example, every morning Gerald waited for his train on the same cold concrete bench watching Audi through thick glasses. This age was the beginning of modern prose. For those who were literate, in England began in the Augustan period.