Heavy Taxes: There is heavy tax burden on motor transport in India. Regarding worldwide passenger trains, in urban commuter areas, trains are generally faster because they do not have to deal with highway traffic. As a matter of fact, railway transport is even cheaper than road transport because of the reason that goods in bulk quantities are carried from a desired destination to the other. It helps in the industrialization process of a country by easy transportation of coal and raw-materials at a cheaper rate. Thus, large rural areas have no railway service even today.
Exchange of goods, between large towns and small villages is made possible only through road transport. Railways perform many public utility services. The railway requires a large investment of capital. Lack of Door to Door Service: Rail transport cannot provide door to door service as it is tied to a particular track. Railway transport is not suitable in cases of emergency.
Trains are not public friendly. Unsuitable for Short Distance and Small Loads: Railway transport is unsuitable and uneconomical for short distance and small traffic of goods. Comparing rail traffic with other traffic modes, we find out the rail traffic is undoubtedly the most reliable traffic mode. Possesses high load carrying capacity. Rail transport is a means of conveyance of passengers and goods, by way of wheeled vehicles running on rails. Frequent Accidents: Road transport system is dotted with frequent accidents.
Even if controlled and managed by the government, lack of competition may breed inefficiency and high costs. Nature of Commodity: Road transport is suitable for carrying of perishable goods which require quick delivery. Less Cost: Road transport not only requires less initial capital investment, the cost of operation and maintenance is also comparatively less. It is the fastest means of transport when one compares it with road transport, rail transport or. No Physical Barrier Air transport is free from physical barriers because it follows the shortest and direct routes where seas, mountains and forests do not obstruct. Problem of laying Double Line: Most of the railway lines are single lines.
More often, it is irregular and undependable. They have shortened the distance and developed the outlook of people. Slow Speed: It is a slow means of transport. Employment: Road transport provides emplo3mient to many persons directly and indirectly. Transportation plays a major role in the economy. Some common disadvantages of rail transport which is still used because of economy of scale, lack of alternatives, or comparative cost effectiveness :. All other modes of transport can be extended to newer areas.
Cheap: Railway transport any day is cheaper as compared to air transport. From the total amount of costs on reduction of negative impacts of transport industry on environment, only 8% comes from railway transport, while up to 90% comes from road transport, even though its traffic performance is by 50% lower than the traffic performance of railway transport. No disruption Another positive of this transportation is that chances of disruption in the traffic route are less as compared to road network where there is the risk one getting stuck in traffic or rail network where trains get late when there is rains, fog or when tracks get broken. Thereunto, the most serious accidents on rail tracks are caused by motor vehicles drivers at railway crossings. The operating cost of aero-planes are higher and it involves a great deal of expenditure on the construction of aerodromes and aircraft. And the transshipments of the load, the so-called friction costs, are very expensive.
High Speed over Long Distances: Its speed over long distances is more than any other mode of transport, except airways. Perishable goods cannot be sent by sea route. The cost of transportation in such a case will exceed the value of the cargo. It facilitates the mobility of men and materials for these industries. The cost of construction, maintenance and overhead expenses are very high as compared to other modes of transport. Number of locomotives was 5210 and number of passenger coaches was 19630 and number of wagons was 26000. Safety: Transportation by the means of railway ensures safety for the desired goods because unlike the road transports a train only stops at a desired station instead of the will of the driver.
Accessibility The Metro will be accessible to wheelchair-users, which given parking restrictions is hardly the case with car journeys. Does not require any special infrastructure like roads, and airports. Thus, large rural areas have no railway service even today. Compared with automobile or air transport, railway transport produces the lowest amount of emissions and requires much lower costs on regeneration of damaged environment. Well actually, using the road transportation to deliver the goods will saves time. Helpful in Production of Perishable Goods: Road transport is helpful in production of perishable goods as it facilitates the distribution of perishable goods from point of production to point of consumption. Growth of Markets: Railways have increased the size of markets.
Governments who subsidize rail feel it is worth it for the reasons mentioned above in additional to others too numerous to list. The carrying capacity of the railways is extremely large. This requires having to transfer the goods or use wagons with interchangeable axles with the loss of time and costs that this entails. Initially, the railways were operated by private companies owned by Englishman. Outdated Technology: The technology used in railways is quite outdated. Road transport may be effected by bullocks, buffaloes, horses and mechanical power. Unsuitable for Short Distances: Railway transport is unsuitable for carrying goods at shorter distances; road transport is most suitable in this case.